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NAS 109

Using NAS with Linux

Using Linux to access files on your NAS via Samba, FTP, NFS, WebDAV and SSH

2022-07-12

COURSE OBJECTIVES

After completing this course you will be able to:

  1. Use Linux to access files on your NAS via Samba, FTP, NFS, WebDAV and SSH.

PREREQUISITES

Course Prerequisites:
None

Students are expected to have a working knowledge of:
Linux/uBuntu


OUTLINE





1. Connecting via Samba


1.1 Enabling Samba Service


STEP 1

  • Log into your ADM using your Web browser.
  • Select [Services] [SMB].
  • Select [Enable SMB] and click on [Apply].



1.2 Configuring Linux Samba connection

We will be using Ubuntu 20.04.3 LTS Desktop as an example.
uBuntu Files provides the following protocols to access NAS files.

  • FTP
  • NFS
  • Samba
  • SFTP (SSH)
  • WebDAV


STEP 1

  • Select [Files] [+ Other Locations].
  • In the [Connect to Server] field, enter your NAS's Samba location (for example: smb://172.16.2.134) and then click on [Connect].


STEP 2

  • Enter your NAS username and password and then click [Connect].


STEP 3

  • This is what the screen will look like once you have successfully connected. We will now click on [Public] as an example.


STEP 4

  • After clicking on [Public] you should be able to see the contents of the folder and that it has been mounted on the left-hand panel.




2. Connecting via FTP


2.1 Enabling FTP Server


STEP 1

  • Log into your ADM using your Web browser.
  • Select [Services] [FTP Server].
  • Select [Enable FTP Server] and click on [Apply].



2.2 Configuring Linux FTP connection


STEP 1

  • Select [Files] [+ Other Locations].
  • In the [Connect to Server] field, enter your NAS's FTP location (for example: ftp://172.16.2.134:21) and then click on [Connect].


STEP 2

  • Enter your NAS username and password and then click [Connect].


STEP 3

  • This is what the screen should look like once you have connected successfully. You should be able to see [admin on 172.16.2.134 (NAS IP)] has been mounted on the left panel.




3. Connecting via NFS


3.1 Enabling NFS Service


STEP 1

  • Log into your ADM using your Web browser.
  • Select [Services] [NFS].
  • Select [Enable NFS service] and click on [Apply].
  • Click on the provided link to configure NFS privileges.


STEP 2

  • The [Shared Folders] section on Access Control should now be visible. Select a folder (in our example, "Public") and then click on the [Access Rights] button.


STEP 3

  • Click on the [NFS Privileges] tab and click on [Add].


STEP 4

  • Add IP addresses and other corresponding permissions to be allowed to access via NFS service. Once you are finished, click [OK].


STEP 5

  • Please confirm the settings and the [Mount path]. (For example: /volume1/Public)


Note: The encryption mechanism used by ADM is eCryptfs. NFS mount is not supported for encrypted shared folders.



3.2 Configuring Linux NFS connection


STEP 1

  • Select [Files] [+ Other Locations].
  • In the [Connect to Server] field, enter your NAS's NFS location and mount path (for example: nfs://172.16.2.134:/volume1/Public) and then click on [Connect].


STEP 2

    • This is what the screen should look like once you have connected successfully. You should be able to see [Public on 172.16.2.134 (NAS IP)] has been mounted on the left panel.


    Note:

    In the Linux command prompt, enter the following command:

    mount -t nfs [ASUSTOR NAS IP]:/[NAS Shared Folder] [Directory to Mount]


    For example, if your NAS's IP address is 192.168.1.104, you must mount the "Public" network drive to Linux's /mnt/pub directory, then enter the following command:

    mount -t nfs 192.168.1.104:/volume1/Public /mnt/pub


    Note: You must be logged in using the root account in order to mount a network drive.




    4. Connecting via WebDAV


    4.1 Enabling WebDAV Service


    STEP 1

    • Log into your ADM using your Web browser.
    • Select [Services] [WebDAV].
    • Select [Enable WebDAV service] or [Enable secured WebDAV service (SSL)] and click on [Apply].



    4.2 Configuring Linux WebDAV connection


    STEP 1

    • Select [Files] [+ Other Locations].
    • In the [Connect to Server] field, enter your NAS's WebDAV location and port (for example: dav://172.16.2.134:9800/ or davs://172.16.2.134:9802/) and then click on [Connect].


    STEP 2

    • Enter your NAS username and password and then click [Connect].


    STEP 3

    • This is what the screen should look like once you have connected successfully. You should be able to see [172.16.2.134:9800 (NAS IP)] has been mounted on the left panel.




    5. Connecting via SFTP (SSH)


    5.1 Enabling SFTP (SSH) Service


    STEP 1

    • Log into your ADM using your Web browser.
    • Select [Services] [Terminal].
    • Select [Enable SSH service] and [Enable SFTP service] and click on [Apply].



    5.2 Configuring Linux SFTP (SSH) connection


    STEP 1

    • Select [Files] [+ Other Locations].
    • In the [Connect to Server] field, enter your NAS's SFTP location and port (for example: sftp://172.16.2.134:22) and then click on [Connect].


    STEP 2

    • If the warning message shown while connecting, click [Log In Anyway].


    • Enter your NAS username and password and then click [Connect].


    STEP 3

    • This is what the screen should look like once you have connected successfully. You should be able to see [172.16.2.134 (NAS IP)] has been mounted on the left panel.




    6. Unmount other locations


    You can click icon to unmount other locations on uBuntu Files.


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